Scientific Program

Conference Series Ltd invites all the participants across the globe to attend 3rd International Conference on High Energy Physics Rome,Italy.

Day 1 :

Keynote Forum

Carl R Hagen

University of Rochester, USA

Keynote: Group theory, coherent states, and the N-dimensional oscillator

Time : 09:30-10:05

OMICS International High Energy Physics 2017 International Conference Keynote Speaker Carl R Hagen photo
Biography:

Carl R Hagen received PhD from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1962. He has been with the University of Rochester since 1965 and was named Professor in 1974. He is a fellow of the American Physical Society. He was named an Outstanding Referee by the American Physical Society in 2008 and was awarded the Society's 2010 J. J. Sakurai Prize in theoretical particle physics for "elucidation of the properties of spontaneous symmetry breaking in four-dimensional relativistic gauge theory and of the mechanism for the consistent generation of vector boson masses."

Abstract:

The isotropic harmonic oscillator in N dimensions is shown to have an underlying symmetry group O(2,1) x O(N) which implies a unique result for the energy spectrum of the system. Raising and lowering operators analogous to those of the one-dimensional oscillator are given for each value of the angular momentum parameter. This allows the construction of an infinite number of coherent states to be carried out. In the N=1 case there is a twofold family of coherent states, a particular linear combination of which coincides with the single set already well known for that case. Wave functions are readily derived which require only the solution of a first order differential equation, an attribute generally characteristic of group theoretical approaches.

Keynote Forum

Sachiko Tsuruta

Montana State University, USA

Keynote: Collapsar model for the central engine of gamma ray bursts

Time : 10:05-10:40

OMICS International High Energy Physics 2017 International Conference Keynote Speaker Sachiko Tsuruta photo
Biography:

Sachiko Tsuruta received her PhD on her studies of neutron stars at Columbia University. She was awarded the 14th Marcel Grossamann Award mainly for her PhD thesis work, which predicted that a neutron star is observable before it was discovered. After Harvard University, NASA, Max Planck Institute, etc., she has been at Montana State University, Bozeman, Montana, USA. She served as a committee member (some as the chair) in many international conferences. She contributed to numerous conferences as an Invited Speaker and has published over 300 papers.

Abstract:

Gamma ray bursts (GRB) are ultra-luminous events occurring throught the universe, which flood an almost dark gamma-ray sky for a short period of time, a few to several hundred seconds. The currently accepted interpretation of this phenomenon is that a few solar rest mass worth of gravitational energy is released in a very short period in very small regions in an enormous explosion. It is caused by either the merger of two compact objects or collapse of a massive star. I will review the latter case, generally known as a collapser model of GRB, in my presentation.

Keynote Forum

Arkady Kholodenko

Clemson University, USA

Keynote: An interplay between the atomic and high energy physics: An update

Time : 11:00-11:35

OMICS International High Energy Physics 2017 International Conference Keynote Speaker Arkady Kholodenko photo
Biography:

Dr. Kholodenko was educated as a physicist in the USSR, receiving his M.Sc. (1976) from Kiev State University. He came to the United States in 1978 and received his Ph.D. (1982) in physical chemistry from the University of Chicago. After two years of postdoctoral research at the James Franck Institute (Chicago), he joined Clemson in 1984. His group conducts research in the following areas: 1) Theory of liquid crystalline semiflexible polymer solutions; 2) Statistical mechanics of disordered systems, including glasses and random copolymers; 3) Theory of knots and links with applications to condensed matter and biological systems; and 4) Theory of quantum and classical chaos.

Abstract:

It is well documented that electrons and all particles (even as heavy as fullerenes) produce the same interference patterns as photons in the two-slit experiment. Nevertheless, the description of these patterns remained markedly different thus far. The difference was studied in detail by David Bohm. Recently, Sanz and Miret-Artes were able to squeeze it to zero. Fortunately, they left some room for further improvements. They are going to be presented in the talk. In it, we observe that in the absence of sources the electromagnetic field can be described without loss of generality in terms of the complex scalar field. Previously, the electromagnetic field was described either with help of the massless Dirac-type fields or via complicated matrix (Duffin-Kemmer) Dirac-like formalism developed by Harish-Chandra. As noticed by Freeman Dyson, such a formalism is useful for description of meson-nucleon interactions in Yukawa-style calculations. Use of new complex field not only simplifies these and other calculations considerably but also allows us to demonstrate field-theoretically its equivalence with the complex scalar field entering the non-relativistic Schrödinger equation. Such a coincidence is not fully unexpected in view of the fact that both the electromagnetic (Maxwell) and the Schrödinger equations are invariant with respect to the action of conformal group O (2, 4). Upon development based on ideas by Nambu, this observation is used for development of the Regge mass spectrum formalism for hadrons.

Keynote Forum

Qiu He Peng

Nanjing University, China

Keynote: Possible implications for discovery of strong radial magnetic field at the galactic center

Time : 11:35-12:10

OMICS International High Energy Physics 2017 International Conference Keynote Speaker Qiu He Peng photo
Biography:

Qiuhe Peng is mainly engaged in nuclear astrophysics, particle astrophysics and Galactic Astronomy research. In the field of Nuclear Astrophysics, his research project involved a neutron star (pulsar), the supernova explosion mechanism and the thermonuclear reaction inside the star, the synthesis of heavy elements and interstellar radioactive element such as the origin of celestial 26Al. In addition, through his lectures, he establishes Nuclear Astrophysics research in China, He was invited by Peking University, by Tsinghua University (both in Beijing and in Taiwan) and by nuclear physics institutes in Beijing, Shanghai, Lanzhou to give lectures on Nuclear Astrophysics for many times. He has participated in the international academic conferences over 40 times and he visited more than 20 countries. In 1994, he visited eight institutes in USA to give lectures. He is the first Chinese Astrophysicist to visit NASA and to give a lecture on the topic, “Nuclear Synthesis of Interstellar 26Al”. In 2005, he visited USA twice and gave lectures in eight universities again. Inviting six astronomers of USA to give series lectures, he has hosted four consecutive terms summer school on gravitational wave astronomy. After the four summer school obvious effect, at least 20 young scholars in China in the field of gravitational wave astronomy specialized learning and research. 220 research papers by him have been published.

Abstract:

An anomaly strong radial magnetic field near the galactic center (GC) is detected. The lower limit of the radial magnetic field at r=0.12 pc from the GC is . Its possible scientific significances are following: The black hole model at the GC is incorrect. The reason is very simple as follows. the radiations observed from the region neighbor of the GC are hardly emitted by the gas of accretion disk which is prevented from approaching to the GC by the abnormally strong radial magnetic field. This is an anticipated signal for existence of magnetic monopoles (MM). The lower limit of the detected radial magnetic field is quantitatively in agreement with the prediction of the paper “An AGN model with MM”. Magnetic monopoles may play a key role in some very important astrophysical problems: Nucleons may decay catalyzed by MM (RC effect according to the particle physics). Taking the RC effect as an energy source, we have proposed an unified model for various supernova explosion. And we may explain the physical reason of the Hot Big Bang of the Universe with the similar mechanism of supernova explosion by using the RC effect as an energy source.